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Ember, jQuery, Angular, React, Vue: What to Choose?

According to the TIOBE Index for August 2018, JavaScript ranks eighth among the languages to learn this year. It makes sense that the number of its frameworks and libraries has dramatically increased over the last couple of years, and choosing which to use among all the variety is done with much ado.


Without being prophets, we can foretell that your choice could fall on such frameworks as Angular, Vue.js, and Ember. To this list, we decided to add a couple of libraries as well - one — massively popular React and one, which was extremely popular formerly but now regarded rather obsolete — jQuery. Still, we included it because of its by-gone merits. To know more about jQuery and its historical meaning for development industry, follow the link.


When it comes to choosing among these five, a true “holy war” is started. And it is up to you whose side to take, as being the most popular doesn’t mean you surely need it.

For example, on the image above, you can see stats illustrating that React leads among others, yet are its features what you’re really looking for today? Only deep understanding of pros and cons of a certain framework or library can help you make choice. To see a full picture, let’s look at the parameters of each discussed framework and library in the table below.

Also, we would recommend you to decide before making a choice what type of applications you’d like to develop: SPA (Single Page Application) or MPA (Multiple Page Application).

Angular

Angular is a JavaScript framework based on TypeScript. Do not confuse it with AngularJS (aka “Angular.js” or “AngularJS 1.x”). It greatly differs from Angular 2+ versions. Today, the second version is regarded quite reputable thanks in no small part to Google that supports the framework and uses it in its multiple projects (e.g., AdWords user interface). Such enterprises and projects as Forbes, Wix, healthcare.gov, and weather.com have already implemented it. Angular is regarded as a safe choice to get complete off-the-shelf framework with all components inside.

More

And if to go to Technology Radar from ThoughtWorks, which provides insight into how different technologies evolve through in the course of time, we’ll see that Angular is only in the ‘Trial’ ring. This means that they consider it a solid choice nowadays, but more time is needed to adopt it completely.


Why We Respect Angular


-Modularity;


-How we can use components with modules;


-How we can use dependency injection;


-There are many “pros” out of the box as a router, form validation, HttpClient, etc;


-The high level of control;


-Unlike React, Angular enables normal usage of HTML and CSS along with all their features and advantages.


What Irritates Us about Angular


-It can be a little bit uneasy for inexperienced developers to work with it, especially when they have not got a sufficient background in Typescript, still it is easier than React;


-Angular is rather fluid. Every new version differs greatly from the previous version, which results in distrust of the framework;


-A developer is limited if he/she wants to create a single-page application. There is no possibility to just drop it into your full stack or a multi-page application.

React

React is a JavaScript library for UI development, yet some people call it a framework. It’s characterized as a JavaScript library used to create user interfaces. Facebook maintains React, which gives it a lot of credibility. Uber, Netflix, PayPal, Airbnb, Twitter, Walmart and many other “giants” have preferred React, which is a happy medium for large and middle-size projects. By the way, on Technology Radar, it’s on the “Adopt” stage, which means that the benefits React provides are highly acknowledged by the development world.


Why We Respect React


-Optimization does not require a world of work;


-It uses JavaScript ES6, and it’s by times easier than learning TypeScript for Angular;


-React is flexible, and interacts with different libraries and projects without issue;


-React is designed to render content based on JSX. It can be used in both SPA and SSR architectures, thus it is the perfect solution for this type of development work.


What Irritates Us about React


-React is quite simple, but compiling entire framework based on React is a challenging task;


-With a heavy heart, we have to admit - React doesn’t bring all the features Angular provides.

Vue.js

Vue.js is a breath of fresh air and a framework that was launched in 2014 and 2016. Vue describes itself as an "Intuitive, Fast and Integrable MVVM for creating interactive interfaces."


The project’s main purpose is to make ideas in web UI development (components, declarative UI, hot-reloading, time-travel debugging, etc.) more comprehensible. Being not so categorical, it appears to be much simpler to learn for young developers compared to other frameworks.


Vue.js has been chosen by Alibaba, Nintendo, Expedia, and multiple other projects. Such success gives even greater significance to the framework considering the fact that it’s not backed up by any “big corporation”. Evan You, a former employee of Google, created Vue.js solely by himself. However, many opinion leaders regard such independence not so bad. Its consequence may be quite fruitful: clear code/API and reduces overengineering. This factor has not affected the position of Vue.js on Technology Radar, being there on the “Trial” stage (just as well as Angular).


Why We Respect Vue.js


-JavaScript code, templates, and CSS code are not mixed as they are in React;


-It is possible to use ES5, ES6, as well as TypeScript (yet it can be harder to set up);


-As with React, Vue quite easily interacts with other libraries or even projects;


-Vue’s documentation is quite comprehensible and well-structured. This makes it easy to get started.


What Irritates Us about Vue.js


-It’s relatively new and doesn’t have an endorsement compared to Angular (backed by Google) and React (backed by Facebook).

Ember

A given open source framework is an old friend of developers as it originates from Apple Music. It is best known for a massive repository that can serve as a dictionary for app development. It takes into account convention rather than juggling over the configurations and enables two-way data binding.


Why We Respect Ember


-Simply configured on the system;


-Comfortable templates;


-Deploys good user interfaces.


What Irritates Us about Ember


-Quick changes are slowly processed;


-Being one among the heaviest frameworks;


-Inactive community thus lots of obsolete tutorial materials;


-Hard to master;


-Too complicated for small projects;


-Slowly release new versions with few new options.

jQuery

jQuery is a cross-platform Javascript library, free and open-source. It hugely helps to work with the DOM and make Ajax requests. Although, jQuery has already become unreplaceable in some cases, it may not fit every application and limit your actions.


Why We Respect jQuery


-Appropriate for AJAX programs;


-Broadly implemented because of its fast processing speed;


-Cross-browser behaviour;


-It makes DOM manipulation painless;


-There are plug-ins;


-Quick bug detection.


What Irritates Us about jQuery


-Not everything is built to a common standard;


-Uncommitted community;


-The possibility of incompatibility due to inappropriate version;


-Handling AJAX and jQuery isn’t easy task for a newbie.

Conclusion

So what should you choose? To tell the truth, all the options discussed here are quite beneficial. Nevertheless, it’s really hard to point out the best one. Just consider all the pros and cons and go with your gut.


-Your solution is Angular if you Like TypeScript and prefer to work in a clearly defined framework in one style and flow.

-Your solution is React if you need flexibility, prefer big ecosystems, do not want to bother with choosing among various packages, are fond of JS, or like your own approach and like the technologies from the edge.

-Your solution is Vue.js if you are looking for the simplest learning curve, need a lightweight framework, or need clean HTML files.

-Your solution is Ember if you… like Ember :)

-Your solution is jQuery if you are looking for a proven traditional framework, just started to code and knows only the basics of JS and HTML, want to simplify many difficult things from JavaScript, like AJAX calls and DOM manipulation.


And if you still can’t make up your mind, try them all out! Only you can know better than anyone else what your project needs.

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