Angular is a complete framework either for web or mobile with everything you need for building scalable applications available out of the box. It is built and maintained by a Google’s team, as well as by multiple developers’ communities, and it is licensed under the MIT license.
Angular has been widely recognized as framework with a steep learning curve. There’re a few core reasons for it, which are the abundance of requirements and recommendations to the architecture and design of applications and components, as well as the use of TypeScript as the main language. Although many developers find it difficult to get started with Angular, there’re number of reasons indicating that it is worth learning it once to start getting all the benefits onwards.
Angular has a number of features that can be considered as advantages of the framework, as well as its drawbacks. It is built with Typescript, which can be great or neutral depending on who you ask. It gives a type safety and it’s own unique features in advance, before they land in all browsers, as well as optimize their code for the browser. It also allows developers to specify data types and strict contracts between multiple pieces of code. Those who come from a Java or C# background might like Typescript as it shares a lot of features. One of the greatest benefits of the Typescript in the compilation process is that we can catch a lot of errors in the code before starting your app.
So, let us summarize all pros and cons that we see in Angular framework.
Comparing to Angular, React’s learning curve should be significantly lower. Except a JSX which is hard to get used to, there’re not as much specific syntax to remember, so it’s easy to get started with React. However, most developers indicate that shifting from other environments like PHP, .NET, and Django, would require a certain mindset for problem solving with React.
One of React’s biggest selling points is that it uses a lightweight representation of the real DOM (Virtual DOM), which provides a more efficient way to update the view in a web application. Another good thing about React is its focus on the application state. It’s the object that determines how the component renders and behaves. Because React focuses on these two features – Virtual DOM and state, some missing pieces like routing or global app state need to be filled in. Luckily, there are a lot of React libraries to solve these issues, such as React Router and Redux.
Just like Angular, React also has its up- and downsides.
One of the main differences between Angular and React is that Angular is indeed a full-fledge toolkit to create your applications. It has out of the box solutions for routing, accessing data services and templates, and more. Angular is remarkably suitable for independent small and medium-sized applications. Due to implementation of a Virtual DOM React can offer better performance than Angular, which is important for building more complex applications.
Probably, when choosing between Angular and React, it’s not worth comparing features, but rather pay more attention to your project and requirements. As we already said, with both frameworks you can get pretty much the same results, so it is really more about HOW you get where you want to be at the end of your development journey.